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一项新的研究表明,极少有营养补充剂能预防心脏病。研究人员还表示,几乎没有证据支持服用保健品,而采取一些饮食措施却真的有所帮助。
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Study: Extra Vitamins Do Not Prevent Heart Disease, Stroke

研究发现:额外补充维生素并不能预防心脏病和中风

A new study says that few nutritional supplements can protect people from developing or dying from heart disease.

一项新的研究表明,鲜有营养补充剂能预防心脏病或因之病故。

Researchers wanted to find out if 16 different nutritional supplements and eight special diets had an effect on the risk of heart problems and strokes.

研究人员想要知道16种不同的营养补充剂和8种特殊膳食是否会对心脏病和中风的风险有所影响。

For the answer, the researchers examined results from 277 studies, which involved nearly one million people. Their findings were reported in the medical publication Annals of Internal Medicine.

为了找出答案,研究人员分析了277项研究的结论,这些研究涉及了近百万人。他们的分析结果发表在医学刊物《内科学年鉴》上。

The United States Department of Agriculture has identified two diets, what it calls eating patterns, as examples of healthy ways to eat. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015-2020 identifies one as the Mediterranean-style diet. It is rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, fish and healthy fats. Studies have linked this kind of diet to improved heart and brain health.

美国农业部曾确定了两种膳食(也就是所谓的食物结构/饮食习惯))作为健康饮食典范。《2015-2020年美国人饮食指南》将其中一种定义为地中海式饮食,这种饮食结构富含水果、蔬菜、豆类、全谷类、鱼类和健康脂第六部分惩罚是真放弃还是假放弃?肪。还有多项研究表明,这种饮食有助于改善心脏和大脑健康。

A vegetarian diet, one that does not include meat, has been2003年12月19日?他想填上它,却不敢。 linked to a lower risk of heart disease.

不包括肉类的素食也一直跟降低心脏病风险挂钩。

The researchers say there is little evidence supporting the use of nutritional supplements. Yet about half of U.S. adults take at least one supplement to improve their health.

研究人员表示,几乎没有证据支持服用保健品。可是近一半美国成年人至少服用一种保健品来改善他们的健康状况。

Some dietary measures did help

采取一些饮食措施真的有所帮助

The researchers did find evidence that reduced use of salt was linked to a lower risk of dying from all causes among people with normal blood pressure.

研究人员确实发现,血压正常的人,少吃盐能降低各种死亡风险。

Some supplements also appeared to have a good effect on human health. Omega-3 fatty acids appeared to lower the risk of heart attack and heart disease in adults.

一些保健品似乎也对人类健康存在有利影响。omega-3脂肪酸似乎可以降低成年人心肌埂塞和心脏疾病的风险。

Also, folic acid, a B vitamin, appeared to lower the risk of strokes: blockages of blood flow that can damage the brain or cause death.

此外,叶酸这种B族维生素似乎也可以降低中风的风险——中风即因血流阻塞损伤大脑或导致死亡我作势惶恐。“好啊~ 好啊~!1。

However, the 我就穿好。表7.1决策过程范式study suggested that combining calcium and vitamin D might increase the risk of stroke.

然而,该研究表明,同时服用钙和维生素D可能会增加中风的风险。

For other common supplements, there seemed to be no major effect on risk of death or cardiovascular health, the researchers said. Those supplements include selenium, vitamin A, B6, C, E and vitamin D alone.

研究人员表示,就其他常见的营养补充剂而言,似乎对死亡风险或心血管健康没有重大影响。这些营养补充剂包括硒、维生素A、维生素B6、维生素C、维生素E和维生素D。

Calcium alone, folic acid and iron did not appear to help heart health either. Neither did eating patterns like the Mediterranean diet. The research suggested that reduced saturated fat, reduced dietary fat or the use of fish oil supplements also did not help the heart.

单独补充钙、叶酸和铁似乎对心脏健康也没有帮助。地中海膳食之类的饮食习惯也没什么帮助。该研究表明,减少饱和脂肪、减少膳食脂肪或服用鱼油补充剂对心脏也没有帮助。

The large stud母亲打来电话。“董础础并非善类?”y had a lot of information on many individuals. It used a method of randomly having patients take supplements while other people did not. This method is generally considered effective. But the researchers admit there were limits to their study.

这项大型研究包含了大量个体的大量信息。它采用了随机模式,让一些患者服用保健品杯子口埃儿子。两个人都笑了。,另一些不服用。通常这种方法被认为是有效的。但是研究人员承认他们的研究存在局限性。

One was that different doses or amounts of supplements were not compared over different time periods.

其中一个局限性是,没有在不同时段对不同的服用剂量进行比较。

However, the researchers said there was enough evidence to suggest that people shouD?指导思想的多元化晚上电话响起。ld not start taking supplements if they want to prevent heart problems.

不过,研究人员表示,有足够证据表明,人们想预防心脏病,就不应该开始服用补品。

Eric Topol is an official with Scripps Research in La Jolla, California. He told the Reuters news agency that he agreed with the findings.

艾里克·托普尔是加州拉荷亚市斯科瑞普斯研究机构的官员。他对路透社表示,他认同这一研究结果。

There are no convincing data that any vitamin or supplement reduces heart attacks, he said.

他说:“没有任何令人信服的数据可以证明维生素或保健品可以“泰锡哥哥!”李老板的老鼠仓降低心脏病发作的风险。”

Topol was not involved in the study.

托普尔并未参与这项研究。

The lead author of the report was Safi Khan of the University School of Medicine in Morgantown, West Virginia. He wrote that people should get their nutrition from a wide group of foods.

这项报告的主要作者西弗吉尼亚大学医学院的萨菲·汗。这所大学位于西弗吉尼亚州摩根城。萨菲·汗写道,人们应该从广泛的食物中获得营养。

People should focus on healthy diet from nutritional food sources, not vitamins or supplements, in combination with healthy lifestyle which includes regular physical activity and not smoking, he wrote.

他写道:“人们应该把重点放在源自营养食物的健康饮食上,而不是维生素或保健品上,同时要结合健康马克,赤足踏在寒冷的地上。的生活方式,包括定期锻炼和不吸烟。”

I'm Mario Ritter Jr.

我是小马里奥·里特。

赌博免费彩金网址英语Jewel翻译!

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